Is everything in the world a little bit conscious?

Panpsychism is the belief that consciousness is found throughout the universe—not only in people and animals, but also in trees, plants, and bacteria. Panpsychists hold that some aspect of mind is present even in elementary particles. The idea that consciousness is widespread is attractive to many for intellectual and, perhaps, also emotional reasons. But can…


This entry originally appeared at www.technologyreview.com/2021/08/25/1032149/panpsychism-conscious-world, and may be a summary or abridged version.